Shed Cyclonic Regulations

Posted on : January 31, 2012

Shedeye Investigator – The Australian Story

Introduction

This discussion is broken into two points regarding LHL testing. The first is with a rollforming perspective, and the second from a shed manufacturing perspective.

The main aim is to generate discussion to educate and learn from the current regulations concerning LHL Standard Cyclic Test Method for Cyclonic Areas. It was officially phased in on the 30th April 2009 to meet the Building Code of Australia Specification B1.2.

Interpretation of Low-High-Low Cyclic (LHL) Testing

 Basically it is simulated wind conditions (cyclonic) method using low, the high, then low pressure sequence to test the wind loads on metal roof cladding in cyclonic conditions. This LHL test is considered better to represent typical cyclic regime on metal roof assemblies than the DABM test method that was in the Northern Territory and the Australian Standard AS4040.3:1999 test method previously used in Queensland and Western Australia. The test involves includes the roof assembly including the roof sheets, fasteners and the battens and their support fasteners.

From April 2009 all cladding and batten manufacturers need to demonstrate that their metal roofing assemblies specified for cyclonic areas of Australia have been tested using the LHL test method. More details are available in Technical Alert No 08/1 at www.eng.jcu.edu.au/cts .

Rollforming Manufacturer Perspective

So to understand the basic test of the roof assembly – each manufacturer must get their roof sheeting (all profiles specified for cyclonic regions) tested under LHL. There are numerous testing stations in Australia and the one chosen here for example only is the James Cook University Cyclone Testing Station. Also in this discussion the roof cladding type is corrugated – produced by all of the rollforming companies in Australia and also used in cyclonic regions in Australia. The LHL stipulates that for a company to sell corrugated roof sheets in cyclonic areas – it must undergo LHL cyclic testing. The BRAND corrugated roofing is sold by some of the big multinational rollformers throughout Australia. The Company here is Company ZZZ, and to comply it sends it corrugated roof sheeting to the cyclone testing centre to meet compliance to the LHL test. This sample is rollformed on one machine that converts the coil (flat sheet) to corrugated roof sheets. This is assembled with battens and fasteners then tested under LHL. Once the LHL tests have successfully completed Company ZZZ can then supply corrugated roof sheeting to all cyclone areas in Australia. Company ZZZ has numerous corrugated rollformers as well as the one that supplied the sheets for LHL testing and yet all the corrugated roof sheets are compliant to LHL.

By stipulating that the company brand of corrugated has to be LHL tested, they are accepting that all the corrugated rollformers held by that company are identical. For another company to provide corrugated roof sheets to cyclonic areas – they too have to complete LHL testing. This assumes that the profile and rollform machines are different from company to company. Those in the rollform industry know that this is not the case, and apart from some minor variations between machines it is the profile of corrugated (along with the feed coil properties) that determine the strength and its ability to undergo LHL test compliance. Yet Company XXX has to undergo LHL testing even though all its machines are identical to Company ZZZ machines. This is the only industry where identical products are testing not the manufacturing process.  The LHL testing should in fact be the responsibility of the rollform machine provider – and most of these (especially Australian and New Zealand machines) would all supply compliant corrugated roofing sheets. There should be compliance for these rollform machines to be registered to conform to LHL testing. Yet Company ZZZ who has gained LHL compliance for its rollform machines can buy a new corrugated rollformer from China that may not meet the standards previously obtained from its original sample material. It is the machine that makes the corrugated roof sheet and so testing of one machine from a multinational company will allow inferior product by the company utilising untested machines.

Shed Manufacturers Perspective

From a roll former’s point of view, if it can be demonstrated that structural roll formed products with the same girth and BMT thickness such as roof sheeting and top span that is identical in profile, and manufactured from the same coils of origin that have undergone the LHL testing criteria, what is the real purpose of having the product tested while there remains a question regarding the safety of the total structure? For example, the manufacturer of roll forming materials may argue that while the LHL testing applies only to the roof cladding and “immediate members” that support the roof cladding, failure to include the importance of the connections at the apex, knee, and tie downs, begs the question; how does the manufactured product miraculously become only when the supplier has had the immediate members tested in a wind tunnel that simulates cyclonic conditions?

It is in the real world where actual wind tunnels exist, moreover, regardless of whether the product has been endorsed by shedsafe, structures will continue to fail even before completion.  So concerned are the self appointed gatekeepers to the shed industry, they have aligned themselves with the BSA and other bodies in conducting seminars across the country, advising erectors how to construct sheds so as to avoid the structure  collapsing during construction.  Shed erectors are playing roulette at the hands of shedsafe’s smoking mirrors illusion, hence, the shed erector will be potentially at fault if it can be shown there was a failure on the erector’s part in failing to use his skills in making sure that the whole shed was acting as a diaphragm in order to hold it together in the event of a storm or freak wind that often collapses the frame during construction. In other words, wherever there is an accident on site during construction resulting in person(s) injured or killed, the shed erector, rather than those who endorsed the shedsafe product, will be liable.

Now for a comedic look at the situation.

 A recent inspection of a 3x3m garden shed is an example of the hypocrisy within the industry.

A Building inspector was recently surprised to notice that a garden shed structure was actually made from a .75 mm stud frame with 12mm tie downs at each stud, along with two extra 12mm tie down’s at each corner. He was further surprised to notice bracing on each wall and three 64mm top spans on the roof fastened with 12x 14×20 tek screws with 0.42BMT cladding properly secured to the top span, yet while he was surprised at the extent of the structure, given that most 3x3m garden sheds don’t have a frame at all, he nevertheless failed the inspection because the shed manufacturer had not stated on the plan that the cladding had a reference to the LHL testing.

When the customer advised the supplier, who in turn asked the building inspector to explain the problem, the building inspector advised the supplier to read the literature provided by the ASI’s shedsafe endorsement.  Interestingly, the booklet showed a reference to the LHL endorsement, but no reference to the safety of the entire structure.

Getting back to the manufacturer’s point of view, there is clear evidence that the only guarantee and endorsement of ShedSafe may offer is the customer will have no idea of the origin of the actual material used to manufacture the product or if the product has been tested.

Therefore if the structure is endorsed by an incompetent engineer who has compromised his or her ethical standards, nevertheless signs a FORM 15, there will be no recourse unless the company that has hired the engineer replaces the product. The replacement is usually conditional that the incident be kept confidential.

Besides this, as already pointed out, if one single LHL endorsement can be used as a blanket cover for an entire corporation regardless of the corporation’s many separate roll forming outlets with differing profiles, or whether the origin of the coil is Australian or Imported, how does the building inspector know the difference without authentic documentation? Does the material in question have a specific test certificate stating the origin of the material along with an endorsement from the testing facility given that what he is inspecting explicitly refers to the cladding and top span required on the approved plan, or does he really care about the weightier issues that he may be forced to confront?

Summary

The main reason of this viewpoint by two very different members of the shed industry supply chain is to generate discussion that will enable shed purchasers to be confident that all the factors & PROMISES made by the industry groups are capable of being produced in the supply & erection of their shed.

 To finalise, there is an instance of a well known shed supplier who sold (supply) only to a customer that collapsed during construction. This occurrence was exploited by others in the shed industry to their advantage by giving this as an example of a non-compliant shed industry member. Very far from the truth, the particular shed supplier warned the shed erector constantly regarding construction techniques – all advice was ignored. Subsequent investigations resulted in the shed manufacturer being involved – but of all the parties involved – the shed manufacturer supplied and erected the shed for no charge. This is the type of example of pride in this industry we need. The investigating bodies had no idea of what had occurred – only guesses.

Many thanks to the contributions of the rollformer and the shed manufacturer for this valuable insight into only two areas of the industry. Hopefully more to come from these two gurus of the industry!

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ShedSafe – An Industry Body or A Brand – Part 3?

Posted on : November 5, 2011

Shedsafe – A Question Mark?

Just answer one question please ?

What is the Base Metal Thickness required by ASI?

This is Part 3 and only a question? Within Shedsafe terms and conditions to join the group (brand) – the above item J. is applicable.

So – Shedsafe only allows BMT or TCT approved by the ASI – THE QUESTION IS what is the answer please. How thick is the BMT in all your shed members 0.35BMT or 0.42BMT or what? The ASI has now got to answer the question.

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ShedSafe – An Industry Body or A Brand – Part 2?

Posted on : September 28, 2011

Shedsafe errors in the requirements of its members?

This Part 2 (of many to come) is basically regarding the accreditation requirements placed on its manufacturers of sheds that are Shedsafe Accredited. The first requirement that is outlined below is in regard to the thickness of the steel roofing utilised in shed construction. Prior to delving into this area – a brief explanation of the product flow is required of the steel used in the shed roof cladding .

The steel manufacturers process iron ore in a furnace to produce steel – very basic and this is then transformed into the many steel products available on the market. The roof sheet steel is in a coil approximately 940mm wide with a BMT (Base Metal Thickness) of 0.42mm which can have a Coloured paint coating or Zinc Aluminium Alloy. This coil is sold to the metal rollformers to run through a rollforming machine to get the required profile of roofing. These companies also rollform the purlins, battens, tophat, gutters, ridge cap, fascia, barge mould, gable roll and fold most of the required metal flashings. These are all rolled from an order from the shed manufacturer according to the shed being supplied. In some cases the shed reseller may be part of a large group and simply order direct from the parent rollformer.

So the rolled coloured corrugated roofing arrives on site (and all other parts) as a direct result from the customer shed order that has been designed, approved, manufactured, delivered and ready for erection. Your shed is also issued with a 15 year roofing, cladding and purlin warranty from the steel manufacturer also sometimes the parent company of the shed reseller.

Lets start with the quote to the customer from the shed reseller. You’ve given all the details of your requirements of a shed and accepted the quote. Here is a small sample of one such Shedsafe Accredited reseller that is also owned by a national Shedsafe Accredited Shed manufacturer.

 

Details of Roof Sheet Thickness

 

Notice the roof cladding is 0.40 TCT Trimdek Profile C/B. The Trimdek and Colorbond description is fine, the 0.40 TCT is the roof sheet properties – that is in this case a 0.40mm thick Total Coated Thickness or back to the earlier description is equivalent of 0.35mm BMT (Base Metal Thickness). So this is 0.07mm thinner than the normal roof sheeting that should be installed on a domestic sheds. Why do they supply this sheeting for roof materials on sheds? Because it’s cheaper and many people don’t know the difference! So Shedsafe accredited resellers and manufacturers have been through the extensive training and requirements of the ASI run Shedsafe group. In fact in one of their requirements of shed manufacturers to become accredited is the fact outlined above regarding product warranty for 15 years. Here is the item by Shedsafe that requires manufacturers and resellers to:

 

15 Year Roofing Warranty

 

So the Shed Industry Benchmark group of Shedsafe – is setting the target or requirement of a 15 year warranty and its strick accreditation process is followed by all of its members. So the sample above (a shed which was supplied in 0.35BMT roofing) will have a 15 year warranty? WRONG.

Now lets look at Shedsafe again, an industry body run by the ASI of which BlueScope is the major sponsor. BlueScope also manufacturers the steel coloured coil for these very same Shedsafe accredited manufacturers and resellers. So lets examine the warranty for 0.35BMT roofing use in sheds.

 

 

BlueScope Roofing & Cladding Warranty

 

The main part in this warranty is that the supplier of the steel will not give a warranty on the 0.35BMT roofing that can be found in part 1 of the terms and conditions of the BlueScope Shed & Garage Warranty.  The basic error is that the BlueScope run ASI and its ShedSafe group have not covered all the small detail and continues to stipulate that Shedsafe accreditation is the Industry Benchmark. If they cannot enforce a simple base metal thickness that the manufacturer stipulates – what else is also wrong?

If your shed is supplied with 0.35BMT (or 0.40TCT) roofing – then it is not covered by the BlueScope warranty and the shed reseller will have to provide an independent cover for this warranty. Will they provide a 15 Year warranty on a 0.35 BMT thick roof sheet?
Accreditation is a simple word that enforces the meaning of having all the checks and processes in place to eliminate error.
This is one error that Shedsafe has to correct.
Next week part 3 – more detail of the marketing group Shedsafe!
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ShedSafe

Posted on : August 31, 2011

Does ShedSafe guarantee that your shed is in fact safe?

No. If your shed complies to The Building Code of Australia then your chances are far higher.

Does ShedSafe publish or contribute to the Building Code of Australia?

No. It copies large slabs of it in the “Design Guide Portal Frame steel sheds and garages”.

Does ShedSafe own or contribute to the AS/NZS 1170.2 2011 (Structural Design Actions : Wind Actions)?

No it was prepared by Joint Technical Committee BD-006 and was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 23 November 2010 (published on 30 March 2011).

Who owns ShedSafe?

Shedsafe is owned by the ASI (Australian Steel Institute). The ASI was started using some large grants from Bluescope and Stramit.

Has ShedSafe ever rejected an applicant?

There have been no documented or rumoured rejections. Not bad for an accreditation that has to be earned and can’t be purchased.

Is ShedSafe Independent?

No.

How is Shedsafe funded?

Shedsafe is a commercial operation, that is used to fund the wages of the operators. ShedSafe charges the shed suppliers (those that have the software and organise the materials) to have engineers review three of their shed designs. Now of course these three designs are not their typical shed, they are over engineered and would be under the meticulous watchful eye of the shed suppliers engineers. This does have the potential to pick up glaring errors, but as far as being representative of the typical shed supplied, there is no way!
To further increase the money revenue potential, ShedSafe charges around the $500.00 mark to each of the shed sellers or distributors. How does this shed seller accreditation get earned? Sit a simple test, a pop quiz on the AS/NZS 1170.2. Again ShedSafe is earned not purchased. Rubbish!

Is ShedSafe a Brand or an Accreditation Scheme?

It is clearly a Brand. Accreditation is a quality assurance system of all processes that ensure the end product is safe and sound – the Shedsafe system of accreditation does not achieve this.

What do Shed Suppliers and Sellers think of Shedsafe?

They think it is a necessity as if your competitor has it then you will loose sales as the consumer is being mislead.

What do Shed Buyers think of ShedSafe?

They think it is a regulatory body equivalent to the BCA or Australian Standards. Wrong, wrong, wrong!!!!

Is Shedsafe going to protect consumers?

In its current state there is no way consumers will be protected.

Does Shedsafe ensure a 15 year product roof warranty?

No – not even its benefactor does a warranty on 0.35BMT roofing, which is being supplied by some Shedsafe accredited members.

Are Shedsafe accredited suppliers allowed to use 0.35BMT on their roofs?

This is the key to this whole business, some do and some don’t! Shedsafe does not provide even basic consistency in shed supply.

 

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ShedSafe – An Industry Body or A Brand – Part 1?

Posted on : August 28, 2011

ShedSafe – an offshoot of the ASI and The Shed Group!

This is a look at the Industry Body called ShedSafe and will raise many eyebrows in the shed industry through the dominance of its name. The presumed importance of a brand called ShedSafe with its accreditation deeming members have an exclusive right to the name is confusing to the consumer in the assumption it is a regulatory body. It is not such a body as all shed (Class 10A Buildings) constructions are governed by the BCA only. This fact is mentioned in the ShedSafe advertising.  The advertising aspect is the point of this investigation and the implications that this “ShedSafe Group” imply not to the customers – but to its members and opposition – Non-members of compliance of shed construction!

Lets go through some of the ShedSafe details advertised to the customer and also to prospective shed suppliers.

Is your shed..ShedSafe? If not why not? This is marketing and nothing else – the problem is in the wording as follows by one of the accredited suppliers. It implies that it is the industry standard benchmark. Just to confirm all the major brand users of this ShedSafe have similar branding advertisements.

ShedSafe Accredited Supplier Advert

 So we have an Industry body who commercially sprouts its advantages through its members directly aimed at customers through the statement above “This accreditation is the Industry Benchmark for Steel Sheds sold nationwide”!  Why are they saying this when in reality they are not the benchmark but simply a brand as discovered below!

This is on the literature to shed suppliers – so make no mistake as to the marketing intentions of this statement! Join up and you will influence the purchasing decisions of most, if not all consumers shopping for sheds! This is an unbelievable statement from an Industry body to gain membership. Yet on the following piece of information you have option of deflecting opposition to shed quotation by referring to the “ShedSafe Website”

 Yet in reality this is what you will receive from becoming a ShedSafe member – the below:

 

Not much promised to the customer who buys a shed except that the shed you have purchased is ShedSafe accredited. See some previous articles here on Shedeye for ShedSafe accredited sheds…

Next is a very important statement by ShedSafe conditions to shed suppliers:

Now this is an important concept – as all factors quoted must be performed by a licenced builder or a building certifier. Also an engineer may perform this duty. But how many quotes get published to customers without any inspection or site visit?  This is an area that ShedSafe has yet to address!

NOW THE LAST PART OF THIS ARTICLE!

Stay tuned for Part 2, a much harder hitting continuation of this article.

 

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Imported Steel for Sheds?

Posted on : August 20, 2011

This picture was taken only two weeks ago.

For non shed readers, steel manufacturers create hot rolled steel, for sheds they then create cold rolled steel that is consumed by rollformers to create the portal frame for your shed.

At each of these stages there is a chance that steel is imported, the rollforming for custom designed sheds is usually done in Australia as the volume of the kit reduces the economics of importing, the lack of economies of standard colour and sizes and the delivery network make it more economical to do in australia.

Australia has high standards and locally produced Bluescope / Onesteel steel is of an excellent quality meeting all of the Australian standards.  It is very unusual for Australian manufactured steel to crack during roll forming and usually has a very high consistency gauge.  Ask any roll former and they will tell you that the quality of some imports is hopeless, and that it has a greater chance of splitting or causing issues with the machinery due to greater irregularity in steel gauge across the coil.

A growing portion of cold rolled coil is coming from overseas and you will not see made in Australia printed on any coil now days, just “made by manufacturer x”.

The question for the readers is, who was this steel imported from?

To explain the above further – the cold rolling part of the manufacture process starts off initially as cold, but as the material is rolled it is reduced in thickness and also gains heat. The steel at this point changes in mechanical property regarding strength etc, and also usually bathed in oil to prevent rusting if exposed to H2O and O2. This cold rolling gives the steel the mechanical properties required depending on the thickness required for end product use. These coils may also be heated (cold rolled annealed) to make the steel more flexible for folding processes, and the to a coating line to galvanise (coated in zinc) or Zincalume line (zinc-aluminium alloy) with painting (colour) if required. Cold rolled steel is then made available in different grades, properties and coating depending on the end usage. For example the purlin in the above photo is C20015 and is from a G450, Z350 coil. The G450 indicates the minimum yield strength in MPa, and the Z350 is the coating of Zinc – in this case was minimum 175 grams per square meter on the top an bottom of the coil. All these factors can vary depending on use – but what guarantess can be given that the imported coil used has the same strength, properties and coating requirements compared to that of BlueScope Australian made?

Are the coils below imported or Australian made?

Cold Rolled Zinc Coil

 

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Insulation and your new Shed?

Posted on : June 13, 2011

Like everything in the shed industry, insulation is another area full of jargon.  When you break it all down it is not too complex, the only thing you need to make sure is that you are being sold insulation for your shed that is adequate for your area and you are happy to take on the increase in your shed price.

Shedeye has done a comprehensive analysis, you can Download the PDF here!

If this is too much for you to digest with your morning coffee, then all you need to focus on is the R value.  Effectively the higher R value the more thermal resistance (keeps heat in or out) that your insulation offers.  This is important if you are considering adding an air-conditioner or heating to your shed or garage.  The BCA (Building Code of Australia) has worked out the requirements based on your location and altitude for both the roof and wall.

The R values of the same roof or wall vary between summer and winter – depending on which way the heat is travelling.  It is best to achieve minimum R value in both seasons for the walls and roof.

Follow these steps to work out your minimum R value and how to select an appropriate insulation.

Step 1 : Use the BCA zone classification to work out your zone

 

Step 2 : Work out the minimum R value for your roof and wall based on BCA minimum R values.

Roof

Wall

Step 3 : Select a material that satisfies you minimum R-value in both winter and summer


Click image for larger view

Click image for larger view

There you have it, simple yes 🙂

For a far more through and detailed analysis please read  Insulation requirements for Class 10a buildings.

 

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Carport Exempt Developments

Posted on : April 8, 2011

NSW SEPP – Exempt Developments for steel Carports

Don’t be overwhelmed by the complexity of this flow chart, if you follow it step by step it is relatively straight forward!

Please click on the image for a larger view.

Where to start on this monster!

What is a class 7a building?  It is effectively a carpark for over 3 cars, this naturally excludes non-rural classifications  due to the 20 meters squared limit for non exempt developments.  It is interesting that the definition of a carport suitable for exemption is defined at least 2 open sides with at least 1/3 of the perimeter open.

Shedeye is not sure why some of these rules have not been applied to the Garden Shed exempt development for example

  • Must be at least 1 meter from any registered easement, sewer main or water main.
  • The roof of the development must be located at least 500mm from each lot boundary
  • 20 meters squared limit for allotments of less than 300 meters squared, and 25 meters squared limit for allotments greater than 300 meters squared

Why does a Garden Shed not require these rules, however a Carport does?

All in all the SEPP is a massive improvement and goes a long way to helping to improve the inconsistencies between councils in Australia.

For an overview of the rules and regulations in regard to sheds, carports and garages click here.

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Reflecting on Reflectivity

Posted on : April 6, 2011

Shedeye has questioned the ambiguity of the SEPP definition of “low reflectivity” and is going to expand more on this.  This article will explain the standards and map them to each other.  For a complete discussion go to the Shedeye Investigator  article.

The current requirements of reflectivity standards of metal cladding as seen in BASIX, BCA and SEPP all seem too ambiguous for correct applications and on site judgement and analysis. As explained below, the variations of each of these regulatory bodies will be apparent especially in the Class 10a or domestic shed/ garage construction and manufacturing industry. What are solar absorptance, reflectivity, gloss levels, heat transfer calculations, R Values, BASIX Scale, BCA Scale, and visual acceptability? All these factors play a role in the decision of colour choice (or ZINCALUME ®) of your shed metal cladding and roofing.

The standard by each authority vary and will cause some problems within the industry along with questions for the Building Certifier during the approval process. These variations on the choice of colour may affect the outcome of approval depending on which code is followed and whether or not the local council regulations agree or disagree with these codes.

Why is there a contradiction among something on coloured steel cladding when each colour has its own Solar Absorption Index Value? The reason for this is simple – each building (Class 10a) should be inspected individually prior to this decision of colour being made, to evaluate the different aspects of the codes above and the influence each requirement has on the following:

  • Visual Suitability (impact on neighbours)
  • Environmental Considerations (energy saving)
  • Personal choice (What colour you want?)
  • Building use (aspects of comfort levels within the building)
  • Building position (in reference to location of other building and aspect of sunlight etc)
  • Local Council requirements (necessary for approval)

 

Shedeye Reflectivity Scale Comparison Chart

 

Colour Colour Solar Absorption SEPP Classification BCA Classification BASIX Classification
STEEL COLOURS
Classic Cream ™ 0.31 Not Acceptable VL L
Surf Mist ® 0.318 Not Acceptable VL L
Paperbark ® 0.421 Not Acceptable VL L
Evening Haze ® 0.427 Not Acceptable L L
Shale Grey ™ 0.433 Not Acceptable L L
Sandbank ® 0.455 Not Acceptable L L
Dune ® 0.466 Not Acceptable L L
Windspray ® 0.584 Acceptable D M
Pale Eucalypt ® 0.597 Acceptable D M
Bushland ® 0.619 Acceptable D M
Headland ® 0.632 Acceptable D M
Wilderness ® 0.651 Acceptable D M
Jasper ® 0.682 Acceptable D M
Manor Red ® 0.688 Acceptable D M
Woodland Grey ® 0.706 Acceptable D D
Loft ® 0.711 Acceptable D D
Monument ® 0.732 Acceptable D D
Ironstone ® 0.743 Acceptable D D
Cottage Green ® 0.746 Acceptable D D
Deep Ocean ® 0.749 Acceptable D D
PLAIN
Zinalume ® ? 0.35 Not Acceptable VL L
METALLIC
Citi ® ? 0.55 Not Acceptable L M
Axis ® ? 0.55 Not Acceptable L M
Conservatory ® ? 0.55 Not Acceptable L M
Skybridge ® ? 0.55 Not Acceptable L M
Cortex ® > 0.55 Acceptable D M
Facade ® > 0.70 Acceptable D D
COOLMAX
Whitehaven ™ Not Acceptable VL L

 

As this spreadsheet describes the colours taken from the BlueScope website and lists four factors that are currently used in the building industry. How these play a part in colour choice for metal cladding on these buildings requires an understanding of each of the columns above. There are as follow:

  • Column 1. This is simply the list of ColorBond Colours, ZINCALUME and Metallic Colours from BlueScope.
  • Column 2. The Solar Absorption is simply a numerical index that shows the amount of solar “radiation” that is absorbed by that particular colour. This is not to be confused with reflectivity and the two are not inversely proportional to each other.
  • Column 3. SEPP is the body of government in NSW that has legislated the requirements of colour to be used in Class 10a buildings. The requirement is based on reflectivity and although not exactly stipulated – it only accepts Medium or Dark colours (low reflectivity).
  • Column 4. BCA has its own version of classification of colours in this list and refers to Very Light (VL), Light (L) and Dark (D).
  • Column 5. BASIX is the New South Wales Building and Sustainability Index body with its own colour classification and is as follows: Light (L), Medium (M) and Dark (D).

 

BASIX Solar Absorptance Scale

The BASIX scale is based on the following and is linked directly to the value of solar absorption index.

This can be located at http://www.basix.nsw.gov.au/docs/ under Thermal Comfort Protocols.


The Building Code of Australia (BCA) Colour Classification.

BCA has classified roof colour also on the basis of their solar absorptance, and referred simply as light, very light and dark. Very light is below 0.425 solar absorptance, Light is below 0.550 solar absorptance and Dark is above 0.550.

 

SEPP Colour Acceptance Scale.

This is quite simply stated as must be “low reflective material”. Being low reflective can only be Dark on the BCA Scale or Medium and Dark on the BASIX Scale. For the purpose of this investigation – the BCA scale has been used as this code is generally utilised by all local councils and Building Certifiers. The problem is not the cut off area – but simply in the statement of “low reflective material”.


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NSW SEPP takes over from local councils on 1st September 2011

Posted on : March 29, 2011

Compliant and exempt developments will be determined by the State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008, for all local councils from the 1 September 2011. This means that the SEPP will override ALL local environmental plans and development control plans for exempt and complying developments.

This a great piece of legislation, as any move to create consistency at the state or federal level is a brilliant initiative in Shedeye’s view! The BCA has made great inroads into standardising Building Codes for best practice and now the SEPP has moved to consistent approach for in applying Exempt and Complying Development Codes across NSW.

Can the regular human navigate this code easily, if you have a few hours to invest and have nothing better to read, then yes it is quite clear, with a few ambiguities thrown in for good measure. Where the SEPP is not clear is on how it all ties together, especially in the shed and garage playground.

There are a few surprises thrown in, for example a shed (not a carport) for any other purpose than a cabana, garden shed or a gazebo cannot be classified as an exempt development.  If you think a single car garage can come in as an exempt development then you have another thing coming! If you have a 3 meters wide x 6 meters long shed that is being used as a class 10a building and is not in one of the above then you are not building an exempt development, even though your floor area is less than 20 meters squared.

We have some more articles to demystify the SEPP soon.

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Garden shed exempt developments

Posted on :

NSW SEPP for Exempt Developments for steel Garden Sheds

Shedeye has attempted to simplify the legislation around exempt Garden shed developments, not sure if we have, by creating a hopefully easy to follow flow chart.

Please click on the image for a larger view.

 

There is still some ambiguity in some of the legislations, for example what does low reflectivity mean?  Logic dictates that it means that you can not use zincalume in a residential setting (the classic tin shed), however what about the lightest of the colorbond (TM) colours, Classic Cream (TM)*, it has the highest reflectivity (the lowest solar absorption) with a Building Code of Australia (BCA) rating of very light.  If this is not allowed, a good quarter of Australian sheds would be in breach!

For an overview of the rules and regulations in regard to sheds, carports and garages click here.

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When a Shed is not a Shed!

Posted on : February 26, 2011

It is very important to get the classification of your shed, garage or carport correct (Class 1a or Class 10a) as per the previous article.

Take the following Development Tribunal decision from the Toowoomba City Council as an example of getting the classification wrong.

In this case a carport was used as an entertainment pavilion, however the council gave approval as a Class 10a building in the expectation that the structure was to be used as a carport.  When the builder went to sell the property, the carport was completed and used in the promotions for the sale of the property, by the builder, as an entertainment pavilion. The applicants bought the property on the understanding that the structure could be used as an entertainment pavilion.

The new owner’s decided to put in a pool that would block vehicular access to the Class 10a structure.  The council came to the conclusion that “…when used as an entertainment pavilion it is considered habitable i.e used as part of living in the residence.”

This case became complex and eventually the ruling from the Tribunal was “in accordance with Section 4.2.34(2)(b) of the Integrated Planning Act 1997, changes the decision of the Toowoomba City Council, dated 6 September 2006, by allowing the structure to remain in it’s current location and re-classifies the existing structure from a Class 10a carport to a Class 1a building subject to the structure remaining 100% open at all times”

Who was responsible for paying the additional fees to convert the building from a Class 10a to a Class 1a?  Not to mention the amount of time that was invested from the new owners, in presenting their case to the Council and Tribunal and the delays it caused to adding their pool!

There are a great many cases where the classification has been made incorrectly and it has caused a great deal time delays, and in some cases cost.

Take a look at this article where a building was funded from the federal stimulus program for Black Rock Primary School, it was incorrectly classified as a Class 1oa and it looks like it will have to be moved.  Try moving a $200,000 shed!!

Mandy Grogan at the basketball stadium that does not comply with building and fire regulations – Photo: Justin McManus

What a pain, make sure you classify you shed correctly!

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Is your shed a Class 1 or Class 10a Building?

Posted on : February 25, 2011

Class 10a and Class 1 Buildings

According to the BCA (Building Code of Australia) a Class 10a building Is defined as a non-habitable building being a private garage, carport, shed, or the like.

While the BCA defines a Class 1 as one or more buildings, which in association constitute—

(a) Class 1a — a single dwelling being—
(i) a detached house; or
(ii) one of a group of two or more attached dwellings, each being a building, separated by a fireresisting
wall, including a row house, terrace house, town house or villa unit;
or
(b) Class 1b — a boarding house, guest house, hostel or the like—
(i) with a total area of all floors not exceeding 300 m2 measured over the enclosing walls of the
Class 1b building; and
(ii) in which not more than 12 persons would ordinarily be resident,

When we are talking sheds, it is almost always the distinction between a Class 10a and Class 1a that cause confusion as Class 1b is unlikely to be a shed!

This makes the classification quite a simple task and it is all in the definition of Habitable and Non-Habitable rooms.

Class 1a building

If you have a room in your shed (even if the shed contains only a single room) that contains any of

  • Bedroom
  • Living Room
  • Lounge Room
  • Music Room
  • Television Room
  • Kitchen
  • Dining Room
  • Sewing Room
  • Study
  • Playroom
  • Family Room
  • Sun Room

Then you have a Class 1a building.

Class 10a building

And if all of your rooms in your shed contain only

  • Bathroom
  • Laundry
  • Water closet
  • Pantry
  • Walk-in robe
  • Corridor
  • Hallway
  • Lobby
  • Photographic darkroom
  • Clothes-drying room

Then you have a Class 10a building.

The only tricky bit

The only ambiguity left in the BCA definition of Habitable and Non-Habitable is the statement that rooms or “Spaces that are not occupied frequently or for extended periods” are Non-Habitable.
So what are items like a Cinema or theatre room defined as?  The are defined a Habitable under this definition (take a look at this advisory notice from the SA Government).

Why is this even important?  From a paperwork and regulation perspective it is far easier for Class 10a buildings!

What would The Ten Humble Uses for a Shed be classified as?

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